October 27. Theodore Roosevelt born 7:45 p.m. in brownstone townhouse at 28 East 20th Street, New York City (now Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site), son of Martha Bulloch Roosevelt and Theodore Roosevelt, Senior.
Enters Harvard College
June 30. Graduates with B.A., magna cum laude, from Harvard College. October 27. TR married to Alice Hathaway Lee of Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, in Unitarian Church, Brookline, Massachusetts.
November 8. Elected as Republican from twenty-first district, New York City, to New York State Assembly. Reelected 1882, 1883; serves in Assembly 1882-1884; Minority Leader 1883.
The Naval War of 1812, TR's first book, published by G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York.
TR goes west to Badlands, Dakota Territory in September; buys partnership in Maltese Cross Ranch (also known as Chimney Butte Ranch), near what is now Medora, North Dakota.
February 12. Daughter Alice Lee Roosevelt born in New York City. February 14. TR's wife Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt dies of Bright's Disease at 2:00 p.m.; TR's mother Martha Bulloch Roosevelt died, on same day in same house in New York City, of Typhoid Fever at 3:00 a.m. June. TR is delegate to Republican National Convention, Chicago. June. TR goes to Badlands to be cattle rancher; establishes second open-range ranch, Elkhorn Ranch, near Medora.
TR is rancher in Badlands. Today some 75,000 acres of the Badlands near Medora form Theodore Roosevelt National Park. TR's Maltese Cross cabin preserved at park
TR's house, "Sagamore Hill,” on Cove Neck, Oyster Bay, Long Island, New York, completed on land purchased in 1883.
October. TR nominated as Republican candidate for Mayor of New York City.
November 2. TR comes in third for Mayor behind winning Democrat, Abram S. Hewitt, and Labor candidate, Henry George. December 2. TR married to Edith Kermit Carow in St. George's Church, Hanover Square, London.
Theodore and Edith Roosevelt take residence at Sagamore Hill. They have five children: Theodore, Junior (born 1887), Kermit (1889), Ethel Carow (1891), Archibald Bulloch (1894), and Quentin (1897).
May 7. TR appointed one of three members of the United States Civil Service Commission in Washington by President Benjamin Harrison; reappointed by President Grover Cleveland.
1889 – 1895
TR serves in Washington as U.S. Civil Service Commissioner.
1889 – 1896
The Winning of the West, Roosevelt's history of the American Frontier from 1763 to 1807, published in four volumes.
April 25. TR resigns as Civil Service Commissioner, effective May 5.
May 6. TR takes office after appointment as
one of four members of Board of Police
Commissioners of New York City, and on
May 6 is elected president of the board.
TR serves as President of Board of Police
Commissioners, New York City.
April 6. TR appointed Assistant Secretary
of the Navy by President William
April 17. Resigns as Police Commissioner,
effective April 19.
April 19. Begins duties in Navy
TR serves as Assistant Secretary of the Navy.
April 24. Spain declares war on United
States in dispute over independence of
Cuba. Spanish-American War begins.
April 25. TR appointed Lieutenant Colonel,
and Leonard Wood named Colonel, of First
United States Volunteer Cavalry regiment,
known as the "Rough Riders."
May 6. Roosevelt resigns as Assistant
Secretary of the Navy.
May 15. TR arrives San Antonio, Texas,
where Rough Rider regiment is assembled.
June 14. Rough Riders embark for Cuba
from Tampa, Florida.
June 22. Rough Riders land at Daiquiri,
June 24. Rough Riders in Battle of Las
June 30. TR becomes Colonel of Rough
Riders when Leonard Wood promoted to
July 1. Rough Riders in Battle of San Juan
Hill. TR leads charges on Kettle Hill and
San Juan Hill.
August 15. Rough Riders land at Montauk,
Long Island, New York.
September 16. Rough Rider regiment
mustered out at Montauk after 137 days of
service in Army.
September 27. TR nominated by
Republican Party for Governor of New
November 8. TR elected Governor of New
York with 661,715 votes over Democrat Augustus Van Wyck with
December 31. TR takes oath of office
as Governor of New York.
TR serves as Governor of New York.
June 21. TR nominated for Vice
President at Republican National
Convention, Philadelphia as running
mate of President William McKinley.
November 6. Republican ticket of
McKinley-Roosevelt elected with
7,219,530 votes to 6,358,071 for
Democrats William Jennings Bryan
and Adlai E. Stevenson.
December 31. TR's term as Governor
March 4. TR takes oath of office as
Vice President of the United States.
September 6. President William
McKinley shot at Pan-American
Exposition, Buffalo, New York.
September 14. McKinley dies in
Buffalo. TR summoned to Buffalo
from Mount Tahawus in Adirondacks.
TR takes oath of office as twenty-
sixth President of the United States at
about 3:15 p.m. in house of Ansley
Wilcox, 641 Delaware Avenue,
Buffalo, now the Theodore Roosevelt
Inaugural National Historic Site. At
42, TR is the youngest President in
history, before or since.
TR serves as President of the United States.
October 16. Booker T. Washington,
Negro educator and leader, has dinner
at the White House with Roosevelt
family, leading to bitter attacks on TR
by white Southerners. TR's
subsequent appointments of blacks to
office in South result in further
attacks on Roosevelt administration.
February 19. TR orders antitrust suit
under Sherman Act to dissolve
Northern Securities Company;
beginning of "trust-busting" policy.
subsequently brings antitrust suits
against Swift and Company, Standard
Oil, American Tobacco, DuPont, and other companies, for a total of
45 antitrust suits in 1902-1909.
May 22. Crater Lake National Park
established in Oregon, the first of five
national parks created by TR.
June 17. Newlands Reclamation Act
signed, leading to first federal irrigation
projects, including what is now Theodore
Roosevelt Dam in Arizona.
July 4. TR proclaims amnesty and
institutes civil government in Philippines
at end of insurrection against American
October. TR settles Anthracite Coal
December. TR enforces Monroe Doctrine
against Germany in dispute over
February 14. Department of Commerce
and Labor created.
February 20. Elkins Antirebate Act for
March 14. TR establishes Pelican Island,
Florida as first federal bird refuge. TR
created a total of 51 bird reservations in
October 17. Alaskan boundary dispute
with Canada settled in London in favor
of the United States.
November 3. Panama declares
independence from Colombia after
Colombia rejects treaty with United
States for building canal in Panama. U.S.
recognizes Panama's independence on
November 18. Panama Canal treaty
signed between Panama and United
States. Panama Canal completed in 1914.
June 23. TR nominated for President, and
Charles W. Fairbanks of Indiana for Vice
President, at Republican National
November 8. Roosevelt and Fairbanks
elected with 7,628,834 votes to
5,084,491 for Democrats Judge Alton B.
Parker and Henry G. Davis.
December 6. TR proclaims "Roosevelt
Corollary" to Monroe Doctrine in his
annual message, defining police role of United States in
January. Agreement made with Dominican Republic to resolve crisis
over foreign debts.
January 24. Wichita Game Preserve
established in Oklahoma, first federal
game preserve. TR subsequently created
federal game preserves at the Grand
Canyon, Fire Island in Alaska, and
National Bison Range in Montana.
February 1. United States Forest
Service established. Under the
Roosevelt administration, federal forest
reserves increased from about
43,000,000 acres to approximately
March 4. Roosevelt inaugurated for
August 5. TR meets in Oyster Bay,
Long Island with Russian and Japanese
envoys to begin negotiations to end
August 25. TR goes down in and pilots
Navy submarine Plunger in Long Island
September 5. Treaty of Portsmouth
signed ending Russo-Japanese War. TR
awarded Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 for
his mediation between Russia and
1906 January. Algeciras Conference opens to
resolve crisis between France and
Germany over Morocco. TR
successfully mediates dispute.
June 8. Antiquities or National
Monuments Act signed. Under this law,
TR created by proclamation 18
protected "national monuments," 1906-
1909, including Devils Tower (the first,
September 24, 1906) in Wyoming,
Arizona's Petrified Forest, the Gila Cliff
Dwellings in New Mexico, Muir Woods
in California, the Grand Canyon, and
Mount Olympus in Washington.
June 11. Employers' Liability Act
passed for interstate commerce.
Overturned by Supreme Court, an
amended act passed April 22, 1908,
which was upheld by Supreme Court.
June 29. Hepburn Act passed, giving
authority to Interstate Commerce
Commission to regulate railroad rates.
June 30. TR signs Pure Food and Drug
June 30. TR signs bill which includes
federal meat inspection law.
August 3. Negro soldiers accused of
shooting up town of Brownsville, Texas
on night of August 3. Roosevelt
discharges without honor three
companies of black troops, although no
soldiers are convicted. Leads to bitter
civil rights controversy.
November 8-26. Mr. & Mrs. Roosevelt
go to Panama to inspect building of
Canal; first time a President leaves the
United States while in office. Arrive in
Panama November 14; depart for Puerto
Rico November 17.
December 10. TR awarded Nobel Peace
Prize for ending Russo-Japanese War in
1905. TR first American to win Nobel
Peace Prize and a Nobel Prize in any
field. Gives prize money to charity. TR
delivers acceptance speech in Europe in
March 14. TR appoints Inland
Waterways Commission to study river
systems, water power, flood control,
reclamation. TR as President makes use
of study commissions, appointing six,
Commission on the Organization of
Government Scientific Work (1903),
Public Lands Commission (1903), Keep
Commission on government
administration (1905), Inland Waterways
Commission (1907), National
Conservation Commission (1908), and
Country Life Commission (1908).
June 15. Second Hague Peace
Conference opens. TR was first world
leader to call for this conference. United
States insists Central and South
American nations be included. U.S.
attempts to strengthen court of arbitration
fail. Conference fails to limit naval arms
Doctrine against use of force in
collection of foreign debts adopted.
October-November. "Panic of 1907" in
stock market and banks.
November 16. Oklahoma admitted as
December 16. American "Great White
Fleet," part of TR's policy of "speak
softly and carry a big stick," departs on
good will cruise around world.
May 13-15. Conference of Governors, called by TR to consider conservation,
meets at White House, attended by
governors, Supreme Court, cabinet, and
other leaders. Leads to inventory of
natural resources, creation of state
conservation commissions, annual
June 8. National Conservation
Commission appointed by TR, as result
of governors' conference, to inventory
natural resources of United States.
August 10. TR appoints Country Life
Commission to study rural problems.
November 30. United States signs Root-
Takahira agreement with Japan in
attempt to resolve many problems
between the two countries.
December 8. TR addresses Joint
Conservation Congress of leaders, which
meets in Washington to receive report of
National Conservation Commission.
February 18. North American Conservation Conference convenes at
February 22. TR greets Great White
Fleet on return from world cruise.
March 4. Roosevelt administration ends.
Republican successor, President William
Howard Taft, inaugurated.
TR is Contributing Editor of Outlook magazine.
1909 March 23. TR sails for East Africa to
lead expedition for Smithsonian
April 21. Arrives Mombasa. Remains in
Africa, traveling in Kenya,
Uganda, Congo, Sudan, Egypt, until
March 30. Sails from Alexandria for
Naples, where he lands April 2.
April-June. TR tours Europe, visiting
Rome, Venice, Vienna, Budapest, Paris,
Brussels, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Oslo,
Stockholm, Berlin, London, other cities.
April 23. Speaks at Sorbonne, Paris.
May 5. Delivers Nobel Peace Prize
acceptance speech, Oslo.
May 12. Speaks at University of Berlin.
May 20. American ambassador at funeral
of King Edward VII, London.
June 7. Delivers Romanes Lecture at
June 10. Sails from Southampton for
June 18. Greeted by parade in New York
City on return from African and
August 31. Delivers "New Nationalism''
speech, Osawatomie, Kansas, on tour to
promote progressive principles.
September 27. Elected chairman of New
York State Republican convention, Saratoga.
September-November. Campaigns for
Republican candidates. On November 8
Democrats win U.S. House for first time
February 21. TR announces candidacy
for Republican nomination against
President William Howard Taft, saying
"my hat is in the ring."
February-June. TR campaigns for
Republican nomination; wins 278
delegates in direct primaries to Taft's 48,
but loses in many state and district
conventions; 254 seats to Republican
National Convention contested, Taft
awarded 235 by Republican National
Committee in June.
June 18-22. Republican National
Convention meets in Chicago. Taft
nominated June 22.
June 22. Roosevelt supporters bolt
Republican convention, charging
"theft" of nomination, meet in rump
convention, found new party. TR agrees
to run on new party ticket.
August 5-7. Convention of Progressive
Party meets in Chicago. TR delivers
"Confession of Faith" speech August 6.
TR nominated for President, and
Governor Hiram W. Johnson of
California for Vice President, and reform
platform, "contract with the people,"
adopted, on August 7.
October 14. TR shot in Milwaukee,
makes scheduled speech before accepting
medical treatment; taken by train to
Chicago hospital, where he remains until
October 21. Returns to campaigning
November 5. Democrat Woodrow Wilson
elected with 6,301,254 votes to
Roosevelt's 4,127,788 and Taft's
3,485,831. TR wins six states, Taft two,
Wilson 40. Democrats win with split in
normal Republican vote between TR and
December 27. TR elected President of
American Historical Association.
May 26-31. Trial of Roosevelt vs. Newett in Marquette, Michigan. TR wins libel
suit against George A. Newett,
newspaper editor who called TR a drunk.
TR asks for six cents damages, minimum
under Michigan law.
October 4. TR sails for South America.
October 21. Arrives Rio de Janeiro.
Remains in South America, traveling in
Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile,
Paraguay, and on expedition in Brazil,
until May 7, 1914. Delivers speeches in
Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Buenos Aires,
February 27-April 27. Roosevelt-Rondon Expedition sponsored by American
Museum of Natural History and Brazilian
government explores Brazil's "River of
Doubt," over 900 miles in length, now
named the "Rio Roosevelt" or "Rio
May 7. TR sails for United States; arrives
New York City May 20.
May 30-June 24. Trip to Europe for
wedding of son Kermit in Spain, lecture
on Brazil to Royal Geographic Society,
June-November. Campaigns for
Progressive Party candidates.
November 3. Progressive Party defeated in
state and Congressional elections.
December. Signs contract to contribute
articles to Metropolitan magazine.
April 19-May 22.Trial of Barnes vs.
Roosevelt, Syracuse, New York. New
York Republican leader William Barnes,
Jr. sued TR for libel as the result of attacks
on Barnes during 1914 campaign. TR
June 7-10. Republican and Progressive
national conventions meet in Chicago at
same time in different halls in hope of
June 10. Progressive Party nominates TR
for second time; John M. Parker of
Louisiana nominated for Vice President.
Republican convention nominates Charles
Evans Hughes minutes after Progressives
nominate TR. TR in telegram declines
Progressive nomination. Progressive
convention refers question of nomination
to Progressive National Committee.
June 26. Progressive National Committee
meets in Chicago. Letter from TR, dated
June 22, asks for endorsement of Hughes
on issues of military preparedness and
World War I against President Woodrow
Wilson. Committee endorses Hughes by
32-6, with nine declining to vote.
Progressive Party disbanded.
July-November. TR campaigns for
Hughes. Wilson reelected November 7.
April 6. United States declares war on Germany, enters World War I.
April 10. TR meets at White House with
President Wilson to ask permission to
raise and lead division for service in
France. TR had offered to raise troops in
letter to Secretary of War Newton D.
Baker on February 2.
May 19. Wilson refuses Roosevelt's
offer to raise and lead division. TR is
forced to spend war writing articles and
speaking for Liberty Loan and other war
activities. TR's four sons serve in
September 17. Begins publishing
wartime editorials in Kansas City Star.
July 14. Quentin Roosevelt, TR's
youngest son, killed as fighter pilot in
October 28. TR, speaking at Carnegie
Hall, New York City, for Republicans,
denounces Wilson's appeal for
Democratic Congress. Republicans win
Congress on November 5 for first time
since 1908. By end of 1918, TR widely
viewed as probable Republican
candidate in 1920.
January 6. Theodore Roosevelt dies in
his sleep at Sagamore Hill at
approximately 4:15 a.m., age 60, from
January 8. Roosevelt's funeral at Christ
Church, Oyster Bay, New York, and
burial in Youngs Memorial Cemetery,